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Category Archives: Home Improvement

Different Kinds of Conservatory Roof


This glass allows you to use your conservatory in the height of summer without it turning into a type of greenhouse. It also reduces the glare from bright sunlight while allowing light to come through on dull days. In recent years heat reflective glass has proved very popular.

It is also known as ‘energy efficient glass’ or ‘low e-glass’. It has a metallic coating on one side that makes the glass have a slight brown/gray tint to it. In effect this coating allows the sun’s energy to pass through from the outside but then reduces the heat loss from the inside. What is important here is that it does not provide heat insulation on its own and needs to be part or a double or triple glazed unit to provide substantial insulation.

Heat reflective glass comes in two types, sputtered (or soft-coat) and pyrolytic (or hard-coat). Sputtered glass is susceptible to damage by air or moisture so is usually used on sealed double or triple glazed units. Pyrolytic is more robust so therefore does not have to be sealed, but is less effective at keeping the heat out of your conservatory when it gets hot outside.


Laminated glass adds strength to your glass to stop it easily breaking – which makes it great for security and safely. What’s key to know here is that it is different from toughened glass because it does shatter when you absolutely need to break it, say with the advent of a fire. You may be familiar with this sort of glass because it is often used in car windscreens. So when hit with force, the glass will smash into tiny pieces and not huge chunks that can cause damage.

Toughened glass on the other hand is strong also, but either won’t break when you need it to, or with enough force, will break into larger more dangerous pieces.

Laminated glass is slightly thicker than normal but does have better insulation properties to both the cold and noise.


Self-cleaning glass sounds great and is actually very clever. It works by having a very thin photocatalytic coating on its surface. The sun’s ultraviolet rays then hit this coating and steadily breaks down dirt and grime from the glass so it can be washed away when it rains. So with the sun acting as a sort of cleaner (photocatalytic) and the rain acting as a sort of rinse aid (hydrophilic) you end up with cleaner glass for much longer.

Self-clean glass can also be specified with heat reflective glass so ensure you consider both options before you purchase.

In conclusion, you need to think through how you could potentially use your new conservatory. If you like the idea of adding more months to the year when you can comfortably use your conservatory then you need to carefully consider the types of glass you can have.

Steps to Detection Dry Rot

Following items are required to detect the presence of dry rot in different areas of your home :

– Screwdriver
– Flashlight
– Dry rot sensors
– Metric drill


1. The very first step is to examine the surroundings very carefully. You need to examine each and every possible location where this fungus can build up. Check under the floor boards, roof timbers and other wood sources for any possible signs of dry rot. In early days of its development dry rot looks like cotton sheeting. Any orange or brown colored pancake growth on the wood exterior will be a sign on presence of rot.

2. Inspect the wood sources closely. Anything that has the appearance of dark stains or pale stains might be affected internally by dry rot. Another sign of presence of dry rot in dry woods is that it may appear dry or cracked unusually.

3. Knocking on the wood beam can further help you to detect the presence of dry rot. The affected wood will give hollow sound. You can also use screwdriver to inspect the presence of dry rot. If the dry rot has already been developed inside the wood, the screwdriver will easily pass through the beam.

4. To ensure the presence of dry rot, you can use dry rot sensors. Dry rot sensors have usually been treated with a chemical dye. These chemical dyes change color from blue to yellow when exposed to oxalic acid (byproduct of dry rot). Bore a 7mm hole into the wood or masonry to depth of 100mm. put a dowel into it. dry rot sensors will take up to 14 days to detect the presence of dry rot in that area.


– Always wear gloves and protective clothing while dealing with dry rot sensors.
– Dry rot sensors are highly flammable. It is recommended to keep them away from flame. These should be installed at place away from ignition sources.
– To prevent severe damage to the structural integrity of your property, inspect all the exterior and interior of your property thoroughly.


Backyard Fish Pond Design

The Location of the Fish Pond

When planning the backyard fish pond, it is important to choose the location of the fish pond carefully to get the most open space that you can in the backyard. Reducing the amount of room available to a small amount of space will dramatically decrease the homeowner’s enjoyment of the backyard.

Fish ponds that are placed near the home leave a great deal of open space further out in the yard where the person can hold a get-together or where children can play without the risk of falling into the pond. The types of plants that are chosen for placement near the pond can attract different types of birds, butterflies, and insects which can add some natural allure to the areas around the fish pond.

The Plants Around the Fish Pond

When planning backyard fish pond, the homeowner should choose the placement of the plants around the pond very carefully. The plants around the pond should be placed in areas that receive ample sunlight to allow the plants to grow properly. If the person would like to place plants in shaded areas near their backyard fish pond, they should make sure that the plants can flourish in areas that do not get direct sunlight or they will die very quickly.

There are many different types of plants that can be used around a backyard fish pond, but most people tend to choose ones that are easy to care for. By choosing plants that are easy to maintain, the person decreases the time that is needed for maintaining the area around the pond. People that choose a backyard fish pond design that has plants that are difficult to care for will quickly become irritated with the amount of care required and will eventually let the plants die.

Different types of plants have different needs and certain plants will not grow well when placed near other plants. When planning a backyard fish pond design, it is important to research the needs of each type of plant and make sure that they will survive in the area.


Purifying Water Tips

Many surveys show that tap water is most of the time not pure and unhygienic. Studies say that normal seeing water may contain toxin, poison or feces and if they are not removed from the water they would have an adverse effect on the health. Many skin diseases are caused due to the presence of contaminants in tap water. Purified water keeps you safe from these diseases. Water is necessary to provide a smooth transportation of nutrients into the cells and the contaminants are harmful as they make the fluid in the body thicker and the body needs more energy to deal with these impurities. More energy consumption on these impurities means less energy available to you. Removing these impurities ensures that the wasted energy is now available for you to do your task more efficiently and effectively.

Many companies are there to provide you with mineral water bottles, though this water is pure enough to drink, but it is not always possible to rely on bottled water as they are expensive and is not always possible to have them with you. There are other options available to make the available water pure for us.

The method given here is very handy for people to make the tap water pure enough to drink and for other usage. What you need to do is to arrange a large pan. The pan should be clean and free of any dirt. Open the tap and let the water flow for some time. After few minutes keep the pan under the water stream and fill the pan with two inches of water. Then place the pan on the burning stove. Heat the water until it starts to boil. Let it boil for one minute or so before removing it from the stove. After a minute or so, remove the pan from the stove and let the water cool down.

In a meanwhile, take a jug or any other container which tolerate the cold, it must be clean. Once the boiled water cool down, put that water into the container. Seal the container and place it in the freezer. Allow the container to remain in the freezer for a long time – long enough to chill. Remove the water from the freezer and you will have pure, clean and cold water.

There are many other ways to clean and purify the water, but this is the simplest and does not require any special chemicals or items to purify the water. You can do it with common household items.


Different Kinds of Hardwoods

Quarter Sawn White Oak – This kind of wood is among the most sought after – this wood’s special grain pattern is achieved by a special sawing technique, at a 90 degree angle to the rings. This is a lighter and cooler color of wood.

Red Oak – For furniture with that typical warm look, read oak is an excellent choice. This strong and durable wood type has an attractive and visible grain which is its typical characteristic.

Cherry and Rustic Cherry – The special characteristic of this wood is that is darkens and appears more attractive as the years go by. This is fine grained wood with a distinctive brown-red color. A great choice for timeless and elegant furniture designs. Cherry wood that is less refined and which is sawn in a manner so as to accentuate its knots, pits and sap wood is known as rustic cherry wood. This can be in a range of colors ranging from the light to the deeper, darker colors.

Maple – Another highly popular choice for Amish furniture, this is a favourite because this is the hardest variety of wood domestically grown. Because this is such durable wood and so long lasting it is a popular choice. It is characterized by very fine almost invisible grain and a light, bright coloring that can add brightness to a room.

Brown Maple – The characteristic shading of tans, whites and browns along with warm creams is a feature of this rustic looking wood. This sort of wood takes paint or a dark stain better than lighter stains.

Hickory and Rustic Hickory – Hickory is another popular choice for Amish furniture makers because of its beautiful creamy, reddish colors. The homey look is achieved by its smooth medium grain. A rustic look for hickory is achieved by less refining of the wood and a method of sawing that permits you to see the center wood and the sap wood as well.

Walnut – Another very popular choice for Michigan furniture makers, this rich and distinctive wood can come in a range of beautiful colors. The brown could be tinted purple or could be a deep chocolate color. There could be grayish, blackish or even a bluish tint that walnut wood could have. It is highly prized because this is the only kind of dark brown hardwood that is available in the area that is not imported. This is a midrange hardwood – not as hard as maple or oak, but harder than cherry wood.

With this guide to hardwoods you are now better equipped to make informed choices about the sort of furniture you want to buy – your preferences and your requirements.


Installation Dishwasher Guide

Required Items

– 12-gauge power supply cord
– Waste-T tailpiece
– Wire connectors
– Utility knife
– Screwdriver
– Rubber hose
– Level
– Hose clamps
– Hole saw
– Drill
– Drain hose
– Combination tool
– Channel-type pliers
– Brass L-fitting
– Braided steel supply tube
– Air gap


1. Turn off the power at the main service panel of the dishwasher. Also disconnect the water supply through shutoff valve. Locate the drain hose and detach it from sink waste T-tailpiece or garbage disposal. Locate the access panel under the dishwasher door. Take it away also. Now find the electrical box, take its covering off and disconnection the electrical connections. You will find white, black and green (neutral) wires connected to the points. Disconnect them all.

2. Remove the water supply tube at the L-fitting with channel type pliers. Don’t forget to place a pan under water inlet valve before removing the tube. Unfasten any screws holding the dishwasher in place. Remove the dishwasher from the cabinet by sliding it out and eventually separate it from the cabinet. Examine the kitchen sink and look for a pre-drilled hole or sink opening. That is the place where you can install air gap. If you don’t find any opening then drill a hole in the countertop or sink with drill or hole saw.

3. Drill holes into the sink base cabinet. These holes are used for plumbing or electrical lines. Holes size can be determined by manual. Different brands of dishwashers are available and each has different specifications.

4. Place the new dishwasher onto its place properly. Make sure that the dishwasher is mounted on the brackets in perfect alignment with cabinets and countertops. Ease the rubber hose through the hole.

5. Now fasten the drain hose to the nipple on air gap. In case you don’t have an air gap, just simply fasten the drain hose to the counter top’s bottom side with wire. This lifted drain hose will keep the dirty water from re entering into the dishwasher. Now connect the washer’s water supply tube to the shutoff valve with channel type pliers.

6. Install the L-fitting to the threaded outlet after removing the access panel. Fasten the L-fitting with channel type pliers. Now attach the water supply tube with L-fitting.

7. Take the cover off from electrical box and provide it with a 12-gauge power cord. To remove the insulation from the wires you can use combination tool.

8. Now connect the wires into their terminals, i.e. black with black wire, white wires together and green wire with green nut connector. Use wire connectors for white and black wires. Once the connections are made secure, recap the electrical box cover and then replace the access panel. Secure the dishwasher with mounting brackets. In the end, turn on the water and electrical supply and check the working of the dishwasher. Also look for any plumbing leak.


Tips to Exterminate Ants

Required Items

– Pen
– Five plastic containers
– Spray Bottle
– Sugar
– Measuring Cup
– Water
– Vinegar
– Paper Towels
– Note pad
– Borax
– Pot
– Spoon


1. The very first step is to note down the infected areas which are attacked by the ghost ants. Writing makes it easier to remember all the indoors and outdoors affected areas.

2. Make a spray of 1 cup of vinegar and 2 cups of water. Now pour the mixture into the spray bottle and shake well. Spray the mixture on the kitchen counters, stove, sink, and other effective areas.

3. Ghost ants are attracted towards the smell of sweets and proteins. This above spray helps to illuminate the smell. After the spray several papers should be used to clean and wipe the counter.

4. Homemade ant bait can also be made by 2 cup of sugar and 1 cup of water and 3 table spoons of borax. Pour all the three things into a bowl and bring to boil.

5. This mixture should be stirred from time to time. Once the mixture seems to be cooked, it should simmer for few minutes and wait to cool.

6. Pour this mixture into different bowls. Each bowl can be given 1 table spoon of mixture. Divide the mixture in to 5 bowls.

7. One can place 5 bowls of homemade bait in all the most effective areas where the ghost ants are found and seen. These open containers attract the ants and the bait is consumed by them, thus illuminating the queen ant along with others.

Points to Remember

– You can use more than 5 bowls or containers if needed. Place those containers containing the homemade bait at different areas of the home. Look for and mound and if you are able to found it, place one container near to it. This will speed up the extermination process.

– Borax is a harmful chemical. Keep it out of reach from children and pets. Also avoid any skin contact to borax. Any skin contact will lead to many skins reactions. In case you eat it, it will cause borax poisoning. Common symptoms are headache, vomiting, red eyes and nausea. Immediately contact your physician if any symptom appears.

Types of Roof Vents

Roof Ridge Vents

Roof ridge vents as the name make it simpler to understand are the vents which are installed at the peak points of the roofs. These do help and allow the hot accumulative air to rise and escape out through the top of the roof. These roof ridge vents can be installed on the new roof or can be added to the present roof of the home. Thus it allows the sheathing cool and increases life for asphalt shingles.

Turbine Vents

Turbine vents are the one which are dome shaped and are so designed to catch the wind and spin the vent to pull hot air out of the attic. In this case wind provides free power to turn the turbine and vent the roof, but without wind these provide very little ventilation and are not allowed in few areas, especially those areas which are hurricane prone. In turbine vents one has to be very careful as to cover the turbine vents in the winter months and they may allow rain to enter the attic.

Pot Vents

The pot vents are vents mount over a hole in the roof and resemble an up side down pot. These types of vents do not actually need any energy to operate them. These kinds are useful on roofs which have a very little roof ridge for a roof ridge vent.

Solar Powered Vents

Solar power vents as the name tells run through a solar powered motor. They also resemble pot vents. Solar operated motor turns the fan and vents hot air from the attic. They actually help air flow to vent heat on calm days when air flow through the attic is negligible.

Soffit Vents

Soffit vents are one among the best vents ever made for roof ventilation; they are fitted on the soffit of the roof and acts as inlets and outlets of air making them one of the best choices for room ventilation. They can be installed as small vents spaced the length of the soffit or as one continuous vent. They should be used with a baffle to thwart them from directing air into the insulation and demeaning it effectiveness.

Power Ventilators

Power ventilators are mounted in the gable vents and are used as electric fans to pull air from the attic. Although they are quite common in older homes, they do cause more problems than they are worth of. Power ventilators produce a negative pressure inside the attic, afterwards cause heat or air from inside the house to escape through ceiling leaks. They can also pull mold and mildew spores, radon gas and even manure gases in to the house.


Steps to De-cluttering Your Home

1. For inspect the entire home thoroughly to check what sort useless material is placed and where in the home. This inspection will give you an idea about useless things scattered in the home.

2. The best thing to start with is to make a list of all the articles and objects. This list contains:

– A list of articles that are useless that needs to be removed immediately.
– The second list contains the furniture and items which are of no use.
– The third list contains the list of things and articles which can be used in future.

3. To clear up the mess, start with your kitchen. Mostly kitchen is the place where things always mess up. Countertops, drawers, shelves all at times give the picture of junk matters accumulated at one place. Look for every shelf, drawer and cabinets to remove the useless things or things which are no longer required. You can also clear the mess by rearranging the items on its specific place. It is better to do the clear up after every couple of month.

4. Arranging any party of function at your place can greatly help you to banish clutter. Any festive time is the event when everyone wants his/her home to look clean and perfectly managed without much of mess. This party or event can be anything like birthday celebration, wedding anniversary, routine get to gather etc. this is the time when you easily remove the useless items and furniture from the home.

5. Another way to de-clutter your home is to allocate the places to certain items or objects or even pets. Allocating a fixed place to your pet can help you to keep your home clean as pet will develop a habit and remain there for most of the time. Similarly, fixed a place for useless things like a store room where you can keep the useless newspapers, items, magazines and other useless household items.

6. Another way to de-clutter home is to white wash or paints your home once a year. Also re positioning the furniture can sometimes make you feel fresh and give a new look to your home and also to entire home.

7. Get rid of broken utensils, glass wear or crockery, boxes and other items straight away. Presence of these items in home can clutter up the home environment.You might also want to learn about put back a Gutter Boards and also nailing with automatic machine.

Tips to Treat Bedbugs

Required Items

– Hot, soapy water
– Washer and dryer
– Insecticide approved for use on mattresses
– Heavy-duty black garbage bags
– Stiff-bristled scrub brush
– Vacuum with hose attachments


1. First of all, take all the infected material like pillows, bed linens, stuffed animals, clothing, or any other such material away and put them in a trash bag. Pour hot water into a washing machine and soak the infected material into the washer. Wash the material in hot water. Hot water is enough to kill the bedbugs, but still if you want to add any washing detergent, you can add it to washer. After washing the infected material, dry them on high heat.

2. You might have some fabrics items, which you cannot wash in the washer. Put them in trash bag and place the trash bag in direct sunlight or hot sunny place. If that is not possible then set the freezer temperature under -5 degrees Celsius and place the material in the freezer for at least five days.

3. The nest step is to deal with your room. You need to vacuum the mattress, box springs, chairs, corners and other cracks and holes with hose attachment. Vacuum will help you to loosen the bedbugs’ eggs. It is better to vacuum all the furniture present in the room to get rid off bedbugs. Remove all the drawers and other bed frames and vacuum them all and scrub them with hose attachment properly.

4. Bedbugs usually reside in the cracks and corners on the wall or in floor. So you need to be particular about these cracks and crevices. Properly vacuum the entire room with special focus on the corners, baseboards, cracks, and other such crevices which can be a home for bedbugs.

5. Take hot soapy water and clean the entire room as well the furniture with scrub brush. Do not let any thing untreated.

6. In the end, use insecticides to secure all the floors, walls, furniture and mattresses. Before using any insecticides read the instructions carefully to get the maximum results from it. .Removing bedbugs can be sometimes a lengthy process. You might to repeat the procedure for long time to completely get rid of them.